5 Tips for Feeding Easy Keepers

5 Tips for Feeding Easy Keepers

 Follow these steps to help your overweight horse subsist on fewer calories.

To the person just dipping their toes into the sometimes complex and often expensive world of horse-keeping, having an “easy keeper” might sound like a dream. But the owner managing these equids that maintain or gain weight on minimal food rations knows there’s nothing easy about it. Preventing obesity and its serious side effects, such as founder (chronic rotation of the coffin bone within the foot due to failure of the laminae that support it), can become a nutrition nightmare as owners struggle to find ways to cut their horses’ calorie count while keeping the animals content.

In this article our sources have offered their best suggestions for feeding and managing easy keepers.

1. Feed hay, not grain

The first step to feeding an easy keeper involves eliminating concentrate feeds and selecting lower-quality (more mature and stemmy) hay, says Sarah Ralston, VMD, PhD, professor of animal science at Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey. “If a horse is overweight and an easy keeper, don’t feed any grain-based feeds,” she urges. “It doesn’t matter how many minerals, vitamins, and special ingredients they contain, those feeds also provide calories, which are not what the easy keeper needs.”

To fulfill the horse’s nutrient needs in lieu of feeding these fortified grains, Lydia Gray, DVM, MA, staff veterinarian and medical director at SmartPak, suggests owners add a ration balancer or a multi-vitamin/mineral supplement to the diet.

On the forage side, the goal of reducing a horse’s hay quality is to provide him with satisfying “chew time” without causing him to gain weight. “Horse owners generally look for high-quality hay, but in this situation we want lower-quality hay—and we don’t mean something full of weeds, dust, and mold,” says Brian Nielsen, PhD, professor of exercise physiology and nutrition at Michigan State University. To determine your hay’s quality, have it tested at a nearby lab (see ForageTesting.org for labs).

So why can’t you just reduce the total amount of hay fed? “It is important to not starve a fat horse,” explains Ralston. “Limiting forage intake can lead to ulcers and can also affect the horse metabolically. If you don’t feed enough to meet his minimal needs, this slows everything down; weight loss will actually be less than if the metabolism rate is more normal.” 

In other words, it’s better to feed the horse more forage and exercise him to help burn calories than to restrict his diet.

“There are some exceptions, however, when you must carefully restrict what the horse eats,” Ralston says. A few horses have serious metabolic disease—it might seem like they simply look at grass and founder. Often, these horses are overweight, have foundered in the past, or are insulin resistant, in which cells fail to respond normally to the hormone insulin that allows the body to use sugars as energy. “They need to be managed very carefully, using low-calorie hay with maybe a ration balancer vitamin/mineral powder or pellet, top-dressed on soaked hay cubes.”

Treats for Easy Keepers

Sarah Ralston, VMD, PhD, professor of animal science at Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey, knows what treats won’t cause her easy keepers to pack on the pounds. In this respect, she typically sticks to carrots because they provide vitamins without all the calories.

“One carrot won’t make a horse gain weight,” she says. “It is mostly water. Don’t feed him 5 pounds of carrots, but one average-size carrot won’t hurt him. My horses also love celery, which is even lower in calories. Celery makes a great treat for obese horses because celery is just water and fiber.”

If you feed treats, avoid grain-based molasses-laden products, and steer toward apples, carrots, and celery in moderation. “Chop one up, and make them eat it in small pieces,” Ralston suggests. “I put a chopped carrot on top of their (hay) cubes and they have to go digging through their cubes looking for the carrot pieces,” making the treat last longer.

Heather Smith Thomas

2. Limit pasture access 

Uncontrolled pasture access for easy keepers can spell disaster for weight management and put horses at risk for developing the potentially deadly hoof disease laminitis (inflammation of the laminae). However, simply restricting your horse’s turnout won’t reduce his risk—you have to be more strategic.

“Some people limit the time a horse is on pasture,” says Nielsen. “The problem with that strategy is that horses can graze a full day’s worth of pasture in a short time. This can cause greater problems because the sugars and starches are brought in all at once instead of spread out through a day of grazing. The horse is loading up (on sugars) and may increase the risks for founder or insulin resistance problems.”

So how long should an easy keeper be allowed to graze, if at all? Optimum time varies with the pasture and the horse, says Paul Siciliano, PhD, of North Carolina State University’s Department of Animal Science. “It depends on the grass quality,” he explains. “It also makes a difference if the horse is at risk for founder. Some horses can get away with eating a lot of lush grass without problems, and others cannot. A horse that is at risk for laminitis should not be allowed out at pasture.

“Our studies suggest morning turnout is best for the easy keeper because this is when some of the nonstructural carbohydrates (e.g., sugars and starches) are minimal in the plant,” he continues. “Sugar content gradually rises through the day. If we turn the horse out in the morning and bring him in before late afternoon, he won’t be getting as much sugar as a horse that is turned out in the evening to graze through the night.”

To help keep your easy keeper healthy and still happy without regular pasture access, turn him out in a drylot or corral with plenty of mature, low-calorie hay to nibble on, Siciliano suggests. 

A drylot is just what it sounds like; the horse does not have access to grass. It’s not mowing a pasture to keep it short. “Mowing encourages new growth, with higher protein and energy levels,” Nielsen says, so it’s important to not use mowing as a tactic in this calorie-reducing effort. 

If your easy keeper can tolerate regular turnout, and you own multiple horses, you might consider using pasture rotation to your advantage—turning out hard and easy keepers in pastures that meet their dietary needs. “You could make the easy keepers eat the more mature areas or clean up the tall grass after the other horses have eaten the best grass,” Nielsen says.

3. Learn to love grazing muzzles

The beauty of turning an easy keeper out on pasture wearing a grazing muzzle is that he can still be at pasture, exercising and interacting with other horses, yet not overeat and increase his risk for founder.

Nielsen cites a study on grazing muzzles published in the May 2013 edition of the Journal of Equine Veterinary Science in which researchers showed ponies’ forage intake decreased significantly (on average by 83%) when they wore muzzles. 

One of Siciliano’s graduate students, Emily Glunk, now of the University of Minnesota, recently studied grazing muzzles and found that if plants were upright, some muzzled horses could eat just as much as those without muzzles.

“Grasses that tend to bend over (perennial ryegrass, Kentucky bluegrass) are harder to eat through a muzzle than the more upright grasses like meadow fescue and reed canarygrass,” Siciliano says. “She found you can reduce horses’ pasture intake with a grazing muzzle, but some are crafty and manage to eat more than you’d think.” In Siciliano’s own studies, however, he observed that muzzles do slow horses’ grass intake effectively.

There are various types of muzzles on the market, so find one that works for your horse and his situation. “You may have to experiment to find one that fits and stays on, and make it comfortable for your horse,” Gray says. 

4. Find ways to slow consumption

“The main problems that crop up with domestic horses occur because we’ve taken them out of a natural environment,” says Gray, where food comes in at a slow trickle, keeping the delicate digestive system and metabolism in balance. “We put them in stalls and paddocks and limit how much they can move.”

This type of housing trains horses to consume their food all at once, leaving them hungry later. Any management tool you can use to encourage them to nibble more and devour less will result in a happier and healthier horse. Some of these include slow feeders or hay nets placed in stalls and pastures. These require horses to nibble on feed throughout the day, preventing the blood sugar peaks and dips associated with eating just twice a day.

“It’s been found that when you limit horses’ feeding with a slow feeder, the fat horses lose weight and the thin horses gain weight,” Gray says. 

5. Monitor your horse’s weight

Keep a journal, and document everything from your horse’s body condition score to cresty neck score (see TheHorse.com/24740) on a monthly basis. “It’s hard to see subtle changes when you are looking at the horse every day,” says Gray. “If you document body condition, girth circumference, etc. once a month, it’s easier to keep track of this and to know if what you are doing is working.”

With horses that are resistant to weight loss, such as those with equine metabolic syndrome, you might need help from your veterinarian and/or an equine nutritionist to make appropriate diet changes. Veterinarians can also advise on measuring weight and body condition correctly and ensuring the horse is staying healthy throughout this program.

Take-Home Message

“Many horses are easy keepers, taking in more calories than they need—like our human society these days,” says Nielsen.

Maintain your easy keepers on a mature forage diet with no grain, adding ration-balancing supplements as needed. Feed hay in slow feeders to extend eating time. Limit pasture time wisely or fit your horse with a grazing muzzle.

About the Author

Heather Smith Thomas

Heather Smith Thomas ranches with her husband near Salmon, Idaho, raising cattle and a few horses. She has a B.A. in English and history from University of Puget Sound (1966). She has raised and trained horses for 50 years, and has been writing freelance articles and books nearly that long, publishing 20 books and more than 9,000 articles for horse and livestock publications. Some of her books include Understanding Equine Hoof Care, The Horse Conformation Handbook, Care and Management of Horses, Storey’s Guide to Raising Horses and Storey’s Guide to Training Horses. Besides having her own blog, www.heathersmiththomas.blogspot.com, she writes a biweekly blog at http://insidestorey.blogspot.com that comes out on Tuesdays.

Hastings Wrap-up For Sunday, October 19th – Richard yates

Hastings Wrap-up For Sunday, October 19th

 It Was A Better Day Than Yesterday Most Ways

The crowd was a little bigger, the handle was improved (453k vs. 290k), there was a very legitimate feature, a decent supporting race, and meteorologically, there was no comparison. Sunday was a fine fall day, and we ran some races for the fans.

Modern Is Up To Date With A Harbour View

It sounds like a real estate ad and that is fitting because Swift Thoroughbreds’ Modern ($10.50) ate up a mile and a sixteenth worth of real estate in a very rapid 1:42.67 to win Sunday’s featured Harbour View Stakes, an event restricted to non-winners of $26,500 in 2014 (or non-placers as it turned out). The final time was two ticks off the track record.  Modern, with Frank Fuentes in the saddle, got the mile in 1:35.69 along the way and that is the fastest mile run at Hastings this year, including all the stakes.  Next fastest was in the BC Cup Classic when Go for Guinness went 1:36.06.

Modern wins Harborview - Patti Tubbs Photo

Modern wins Harborview – Patti Tubbs Photo

Modern broke alertly and quickly established a clear lead that he turned into a procession, with Dontmesswithkitten following behind him in consort position. The Gov trailed along in third for a while until he booked out part way down the backstretch and Stratify hung around in third and fourth for most of the trip.  Senor Rojo closed from well back to be third behind Dontmesswithkitten, although that one widened on him coming home.  Dontmesswithkitten may have closed a little on Modern in the lane, but he was not about to catch him before the wire, or after, because the winner galloped out very strongly in front of everybody.

Modern opened the season with a victory in an Allowance sprint to win his second condition and followed that with a good runner-up effort in the Sir Winston Churchill and a third in the Lieutenant Governor’s while running against the nuts. A sub-par effort in an Allowance route was followed by a little vacation from the races and a return in an optional sprint that saw him set blistering fractions before getting passed late by his stablemate Stratify.  No one was passing him today.

Modern was bred in Kentucky by Darley and was acquired by Swift from them in one of their packages. He is a son of Tiznow and is the first foal out of an A.P. Indy mare named Interior Design.  She was winless in four starts but she is out of a Mr. Prospector mare called Colour Chart who was some serious business as a broodmare, producing, among other stakes-winners, the 2001 Breeders’ Cup Juvenile Fillies victor and Champion two year-old filly, Tempera.  Dino Condilenios trains.

Ambidextrous Duke Grabs The Win

The supporting feature was a $16,000 claimer for three-and-ups who had never won two races (BC-bred 3) going 6 ½ furlongs and it was won by the only three year-old in the race, Ambidextrous Duke ($6.70). It was Ambidextrous Duke’s second win in a row, both coming with Amadeo Perez on board and it took them 1:16.94 to cover the distance.

Trainer John Morrison had tried this condition two races back and a wide-trip denied Ambidextrous Duke any opportunity to have an impact. Blinkers off and a drop to 4k,

where he got the job done in fast time, resulted in another shot at conditioned 16k types. Four or sixteen, what’s the difference, that’s the way you do it, you go out and smoke them.  While taking advantage of that extra win for BC-breds clause.

Actually it was a race that was intensively competitive for a while when they were three wide across the track down the backstretch after the winner moved through a very narrow opening on the rail and began to, slowly at first, move away from the early pacesetter So Legit. Dee Jay Snow declared himself from the 3 path and moved into a challenging position on the turn but at no point was he going to be better than second as Ambidextrous Duke added to his lead coming home to win by almost two lengths.  So Legit continued on after getting passed to be a clear third.

Ambidextrous Duke was bred in British Columbia by Phoenix Rising Farms and is owned by his trainer John Morrison and Kim Morrison. Trainer Morrison has won a third of his starts this year and you can only take your hat off to a guy who will run a horse that can win for $16,000 at you for 4k.

Also Noteworthy:

Jockey Frank Fuentes won three. Aside from the Harbour View, he won the first on the long shot Madaya ($29.40) for owner Dennis Spence, owner/breeder Greystone Farm and trainer Cindy Krasner and the second on Portray Ur Vision ($4.90) for owner/breeders Rob and Sheena Maybin, training by Rob Maybin.

Jeff Burningham had a riding double, winning the fifth on Be Remarkable ($5.70) for owner/trainer Cindy Krasner and the last on Rachael Run for owner/breeder Doug Clyde and trainer Mike Anderson.

Cindy Krasner had a training double with Madaya and her own Be Remarkable.

Mike Anderson won three on the weekend, giving him 26 for the Hastings season and second place in the trainer standings, one more than Troy Taylor in third. Craig MacPherson with 39 wins has been home and cooled out for quite a while.

Amadeo Perez is also a very emphatic leader in the jockey race that has not been a race for a couple of months. He has 104 wins, 23 more than Richard Hamel, whose year is over, and he is a mind boggling 67 wins ahead of Frank Fuentes in third, after Fuentes had a triple today.

HASTINGS 2015 – “Ship N Win” PROGRAM

HASTINGS 2015

“Ship N Win” PROGRAM

 A Program for Horses That Have Previously Started Elsewhere

 A guaranteed $500 bonus for any horse’s first start at Hastings Racecourse whose previous start was made outside of British Columbia. Horses that raced or were stabled previously at Hastings Racecourse are not eligible. 

  • An additional $500 Bonus after the horse’s second start (Same conditions as above). 
  • An additional $2000 after the horse’s third start (Same conditions as above). 
  • Further, there will be an additional 30% bonus applied to the horse’s purse earnings provided it finishes first, second or third in its first start at Hastings Racecourse.  This will only be paid after the horse’s third start at Hastings Racecourse and provided it starts three times in 2015.  (Same conditions as above). 
  • Stakes races are excluded from this program. All horses must have started for $5,000 or more in their last three starts to qualify. If a horse has not started three times, then all of its lifetime starts must be for $5,000 or more. 
  • First-time starters do not qualify for the Ship N Win Program. 
  • Application must be made to the racing secretary upon arrival at Hastings Racecourse to establish eligibility.

MARIO WATCH

MARIO GUTIERREZ

MARIO GUTIERREZ

Mario Gutierrez
Entries
October 23 – Santa Anita
 
Morning Coffee Wgt-120 Race 2 Allowance Optional Claiming $80,000
Miltee Wgt-122 Race 5 Maiden Special Weight
October 24 – Santa Anita
 
Dunne for Now Wgt-122 Race 6 Maiden Special Weight

Results
October 19 – Santa Anita
Bella Raquella finished 8th beaten 23 1/4 lengths Race 7 View Chart    
Frensham finished 1st by 3/4 length Race 8 View Chart    
Jo’s Approval finished 4th beaten 15 1/2 lengths Race 9 View Chart    

Managing and Preventing Transport-Associated Fever

From trips across the state to flights around the world, today’s horses are regular globetrotters. And while most horses arrive at their destinations happy and healthy, some will arrive with some unwelcome baggage: a fever and possibly even clinical disease.

At the 2014 British Equine Veterinary Association Congress, held Sept. 10-13 in Birmingham, U.K., Imogen Johns, BVSc, Dipl. ACVIM, MRCVS, reviewed the diagnosis, treatment, and management of transportation-associated fevers in horses and shared tips on how to prevent them from occurring.

“Horses are typically transported in enclosed spaces with variable ventilation and can be exposed to high levels of inspired irritants such as ammonia from bedding and dust and molds from hay and bedding,” said Johns, a senior lecturer in equine medicine at the Royal Veterinary College, in Hertfordshire, U.K.

Additionally, traveling horses commonly become dehydrated, which further compromises their ability to clear irritants from their airways and can lead to a lower respiratory tract infection, she said.

Johns said two recent studies suggest that 6.6-10.9% of horses that travel will develop a fever within the first 12 to 24 hours after transportation.

“Medication history available for one of these studies suggests that the majority of these horses recovered without antimicrobial treatment, suggesting that the fever was a transient (short-lived) event,” she said.

The study results also suggest that owners should seek veterinary attention for fevers that last for more than 24 hours after arrival and/or are accompanied by clinical signs of disease, Johns said. This could be a sign of a more serious problem that requires prompt treatment, such as a bacterial infection (often referred to as “shipping fever”), a viral infection (such as influenza or equine herpesvirus), or pleuropneumonia (inflammation both within the lung and the pleural cavity).

Diagnosis

Physical Exam Johns said a veterinarian examining a horse with a transport-associated illness should carry out a complete clinical examination, including a rebreathing exam (which involves placing a large plastic bag over the horse’s nose—as the horse breaths in expired carbon dioxide, his brain signals him to take deeper and slower breaths, making it easier for the veterinarian to hear the lung sounds).

She relayed that horses with mild respiratory disease often have nonspecific clinical signs, but as disease severity increases so do the signs.

In horses with pleuropneumonia, for instance, the classic clinical signs including systemic illness, ventral edema (swelling beneath the chest/abdomen), and respiratory distress become more obvious with increasing disease severity.

Such horses might stand with their elbows abducted (spread apart), take shallow breaths, and object to the veterinarian listening to their thorax (or chest cavity) with a stethoscope.

Blood Work Johns also said a complete blood count and acute phase protein (a type of inflammatory molecule) measurements can help the veterinarian identify an inflammatory process, as “transport alone has not been shown to cause dramatic changes in any of these parameters.”

Endoscopy Veterinarians also have endoscopy (the use of a small camera run through the horse’s nostrils into the airways) at their disposal when transport-associated fevers arise. She said that endoscopy is a logical step to take in horses with signs of respiratory disease or when clinical signs are vague if respiratory disease is likely.

Johns said endoscopy coupled with cytology, bacterial culture, nasal swabs, and blood work to check for viral infections can provide veterinarians with substantial diagnostic clues.

Ultrasound Finally, Johns said, ultrasound is the best diagnostic method to use when veterinarians suspect pleural effusion (fluid accumulation in the chest cavity), sometimes associated with pleuropneumonia.

Treatment

The exact treatment a veterinarian prescribes will, of course, depend on the diagnosis. However, there are several general things veterinarians should remember when treating horses with post-transport fever, Johns said:

  • “Because early treatment of post-transport bacterial respiratory infections improves the outcome, broad-spectrum antimicrobial therapy should be initiated empirically prior to any pending diagnostic tests,” she said;
  • Supportive care—including non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, pain management, intravenous fluids, and attention to nutrition—should be provided as needed;
  • “In cases where pleural fluid accumulation is identified, drainage is recommended to improve the horse’s comfort and respiratory function, and remove bacteria and inflammatory debris,” she said; and
  • Once the horse’s infection has resolved, allow him ample time to recover: “Following the resolution of infection, rest for at least one to two months is important to allow residual inflammation to resolve.”

Prevention

“Close monitoring of horses both prior to and after transportation is key to preventing the development of severe disease,” Johns said.

She stressed that owners not transport horses that are sick or have a fever, unless they’re going to receive veterinary care. Additionally, after a horse arrives at his destination, she recommended owners monitor their animals’ rectal temperature for at least three days and contact their veterinarian if they feel their horses require treatment.

And finally, she said, “Although one study has suggest that enrofloxacin may be efficacious in preventing post-transportation pneumonia, prophylactic antimicrobials are not recommended due to the possibility of adverse effects on the gastrointestinal tract and the development of antimicrobial resistance.”

Take-Home Message

Most horses travel without incidence, but if one develops a post-transport fever that lasts for more than 12 to 24 hours or is accompanied by other clinical signs, it’s important to seek veterinary attention as soon as possible; early diagnosis and treatment will improve a horse’s chance of recovery.

But most importantly, take steps to prevent post-transport fever by monitoring horses closely and using good judgment when deciding whether to trailer a horse that could be developing an illness.

Disclaimer: Seek the advice of a qualified veterinarian before proceeding with any diagnosis, treatment, or therapy.

Read more on BloodHorse.com: http://www.thehorse.com/articles/34720/managing-and-preventing-transport-associated-fever#ixzz3GeELmZxH

Two-time champ Beholder out of Breeders’ Cup with fever

Two-Time Champion Beholder Out of BC Distaff

Photo: Benoit Photography – Beholder

Spendthrift Farm’s two-time champion Beholder spiked a temperature of 104 degrees the morning of Oct. 19 and will not be able to defend her title in the Breeders’ Cup Distaff (gr. I) at Santa Anita Park, trainer Richard Mandella said.

“She had a nice work yesterday and seemed to be doing OK, but when we got to the barn this morning she was showing a temperature of 102 degrees. It got up to 104.” Mandella said. “We’ve treated her with penicillin and the temperature has already started to go down.

“We think she’s going to be all right,” the Hall of Fame trainer added. “But she’s out of the race.”

Beholder went seven furlongs Oct. 18 at Santa Anita, starting behind two workmates, in a bullet 1:23 4/5 under Mike Smith.

The 4-year-old daughter of Henny Hughes would have likely been favored Oct. 31 to successfully repeat her Distaff victory of last year, which followed a triumph in the 2012 Grey Goose Breeders’ Cup Juvenile Fillies (gr. I).

Beholder is the second major defection from the Breeders’ Cup. Two-time Horse of the Year Wise Dan was recently ruled out of defending his title in the Breeders Cup Mile (gr. IT) Nov. 1 because of an ankle injury.

A 10-time winner from 15 starts with earnings of $3,368,300, Beholder won Eclipse Awards in 2012 as outstanding juvenile filly and in 2013 as outstanding 3-year-old filly.

Beholder, out of the Tricky Creek mare Leslie’s Lady, is scheduled to be sold at the Fasig-Tipton November sale.

She has had a difficult year, bruising a pastern in the Ogden Phipps Stakes (gr. I) in her second start of the season at Belmont Park June 7. She returned from the injury with a victory in the Zenyatta Stakes (gr. I) at Santa Anita Sept. 27 and had been training forwardly for her next Breeders’ Cup assault.

Read more on BloodHorse.com: http://www.bloodhorse.com/horse-racing/articles/88119/two-time-champion-beholder-out-of-bc-distaff#ixzz3GeF0J9gB

Untapable Tops Worktab Sunday at Santa Anita

 

Untapable Tops Worktab Sunday at Santa Anita

Photo: Equi-Photo/Bill Denver – Untapable

Longines Kentucky Oaks (gr. I) winner Untapable, who suddenly looms as a possible favorite in the Breeders’ Cup Distaff (gr. I) following the defection of Beholder, turned in a bullet five-furlong move at Santa Anita Park Oct. 19.

With trainer Steve Asmussen looking on, Untapable was clocked in :58 3/5, fastest of 67 works at the distance.

Also working for Asmussen was Breeders’ Cup Dirt Mile contender Tapiture, the West Virginia Derby (gr. II) winner who got the same distance in :59 3/5. A third Asmussen trainee, Breeders’ Cup Juvenile (gr. I) prospect Lucky Player, also went five furlongs in :59 3/5.

“They’re getting over the track really well,” Asmussen said of the trio. “They’ve settled in nicely.”

A five-time winner from six starts in 2014, Winchell Thoroughbreds’ Untapable is coming off a victory in the Cotillion Stakes (gr. I) Sept. 20 at Parx Racing. Her only loss this season came when facing males in the William Hill Haskell Invitational (gr. I), when she was fifth at Monmouth Park. Other victories this season came in the Mother Goose (gr. I), Fair Grounds Oaks (gr. II), and Rachel Alexandra Stakes (gr. III).

Beholder has been taken out of consideration for a repeat bid in the Breeders’ Cup Distaff after spiking a high fever the morning of Oct. 19.

Hall of Fame jockey Gary Stevens, coming back from a knee replacement surgery earlier this year, was aboard BC Sprint (gr. I) candidate Fast Anna in a five-furlong workout timed in 1:01 for trainer Kathy Ritvo.

Dirt Mile hopeful Tonito M. went five furlongs in 1:00 4/5 for Jerry Hollendorfer, while another Dirt Mile contender, Fed Biz, worked six furlongs for Bob Baffert in 1:12 4/5. Distaff candidate Tiz Midnight also went six furlongs for Baffert in 1:12 2/5.

Filly & Mare Sprint hopeful Little Alexis clocked five furlongs in 1:00 4/5 for trainer Carlo Vaccarezza.

On a firm turf course, Tom’s Tribute, winner of the grade I Eddie Read, worked six furlongs for James Cassidy in 1:14, while Del Mar Handicap (gr. IIT) winner Big John B went the same distance in 1:12 1/5 for Phil D’Amato in preparation for the BC Turf (gr. I).

Daddy D T (Juvenile Turf) went six furlongs for John Sadler in 1:12 flat, while Silentio (Turf Sprint) worked seven furlongs in 1:25 for Gary Mandella. Rusty Slipper, third behind Emollient in the Rodeo Drive (gr. IT), worked five furlongs in 1:03 2/5 for Graham Motion.

Big Macher matched Untapable’s bullet move of :58 3/5 for five furlongs for trainer Richard Baltas as he approaches a start in the Xpressbet Breeders’ Cup Sprint (gr. I).

The Bing Crosby Stakes (gr. I) winner, ridden by Tyler Baze, broke off two lengths outside of workmate Unusual Fleet this morning, drew closer turning for home, then was five lengths clear at the wire as sweeping past at the furlong mark.

“He couldn’t be working any better coming up to this race. I’m real happy,” Baltas said. “I’m confident in the horse, but it is the Breeders’ Cup, obviously. He’ll be running against the best horses in the world so even though he’s a grade I winner he still has to step it up. I’m confident he’s going to run his race.”

Read more on BloodHorse.com: http://www.bloodhorse.com/horse-racing/articles/88122/untapable-tops-worktab-sunday-at-santa-anita#ixzz3GeDB1Iu1