|Tuesday, March 28, 2017|
|HASTINGS RACECOURSE — (Dirt) Track Sloppy|
|Barely a B Laura||:37.60||H||4|
|Dare Ren Gottwenty||:37.40||H||1|
|Second Time Around||:39.80||B||6|
|HASTINGS RACECOURSE — (Dirt) Track Sloppy|
|Panning for Gold||:50.60||H||4|
|HASTINGS RACECOURSE — (Dirt) Track Sloppy|
# Wagering Interest Trainer Morning
1 Always Dreaming* Todd Pletcher 50-1
2 American Anthem Bob Baffert 15-1
3 Battalion Runner Todd Pletcher 20-1
4 Classic Empire Mark Casse 8-1
5 El Areeb Cathal Lynch 20-1
6 Epicharis (Jpn)* Kyoshi Hagiwara 30-1
7 Gormley John Shirreffs 15-1
8 Guest Suite (g) Neil Howard 50-1
9 Gunnevera Antonio Sano 20-1
10 Iliad* (r) Doug O’Neill 15-1
11 Irish War Cry Graham Motion 12-1
12 Local Hero* Steve Asmussen 50-1
13 Malagacy Todd Pletcher 30-1
14 Mastery Bob Baffert 10-1
15 McCraken Ian Wilkes 8-1
16 Mo Town Anthony Dutrow 15-1
17 One Liner* Todd Pletcher 15-1
18 Petrov Ron Moquett 30-1
19 Practical Joke Chad Brown 20-1
20 Royal Mo* John Shirreffs 15-1
21 State of Honor Mark Casse 50-1
22 Tapwrit* Todd Pletcher 20-1
23 Wild Shot Rusty Arnold 50-1
24 Mutuel Field (All Others) 4-1
Morning Line Odds by Mike Battaglia
* – new wagering interest in KDFW Pool 3
(g) – gelding (r)- ridgling
$ Will Pay
The Kentucky Derby scene continues to get more difficult to pick as the top contenders continue to fall by the way side. Actually the Oaks as well with Unique Bella suffering a shin injury it was reported yesterday and she is out at least 60 days.
- J Boys Echo
- Practical Joke
- Always Dreaming
- Classic Empire
- Guest Suite
Late-pregnancy mares need to be fed adequately so they are not undernourished, because the last few months of fetal development see the most growth, tissue accumulation, and weight gain. This growth particularly accelerates in the last two months, according to Laurie Lawrence, PhD, professor in the department of animal and food sciences at the University of Kentucky, who, along with research staff and students, oversees a broodmare band of 20 at UK’s Maine Chance Farm.
Because a mare will rob her body to feed the fetus first, it’s important she maintain a healthy weight during pregnancy. When considering her calorie needs, make sure her Henneke body condition (BC) score remains stable. BC scores range from 1 to 9, with 9 being obese and 1 malnourished. In late gestation, aim for a score between 5 and 6.
“It’s not an issue if she’s a slightly higher score, but a lower score can compromise a mare’s ability to get rebred,” Lawrence cautioned. “With an appropriate body condition, you can’t see the ribs but you can feel them, and there is a fat cover over the topline. The mare will appear pleasingly plump.
“It’s important that mares receive adequate feed to fuel fetal growth,” Lawrence continued. “To accomplish it, they can use a combination of body stores and diet. Ideally, a mare will get sufficient feed and use the nutrients from her diet to supply the fetus’s needs. That way she retains her own body stores for herself.”
Lawrence points out that in late gestation, a mare’s voluntary feed intake does not increase with her body’s needs. Thus, owners should feed mares higher amounts of grain at more frequent intervals because the mare might not be able to manage large amounts of feed as the foal fills her belly. She instead needs to nibble throughout the day to meet her nutritional requirements.
The quality of feed is also very important and determines what mix a mare is fed. Lawrence recommended that each mare be evaluated individually.
“Professionals will look at a mare every day and make a judgment about her condition, adjusting feed up or down, as she needs it. That might not be necessary for everyone, but a weekly check should be routine,” she said.
As mentioned, owners should feed enough grain to maintain the mare’s body condition. The amount fed depends on the protein percentage of both the grain and forage used. If it’s more than four pounds, divide it into multiple feedings. Keep in mind that if you overfeed protein, mares will excrete the excess.
Choose a concentrate designed for broodmares that contains an appropriate percentage of protein and mineral content. Adjust the amount of concentrate fed according to the amount and type of hay fed. For instance, if you feed timothy hay, the mare will need a higher protein concentrate. If you feed alfalfa, which has a high protein content of 16 to 18%, the mare can have a lower protein feed. If a mare is maintaining body condition on forage alone, consider feeding a balancer pellet, which is a concentrated source of minerals. Mares need adequate amounts of copper, zinc, calcium, and phosphorus, as well as other trace minerals, during gestation.
“Have water and a salt block available at all times. Animals will usually regulate their salt intake, but they will not recognize the body’s need for trace minerals,” Lawrence said. The mare’s water intake will increase dramatically as soon as lactation starts.
If horses are fed in a herd, monitor the heavily pregnant mares to see where they fall in the herd’s pecking order. They might compete well in the beginning and defend their feed, but as they near term, they might not eat their feed as quickly and more dominant mares might move in to finish their portion. BC score these mares regularly to be sure they don’t lose ground.
Research shows that both inadequate and excessive feed are detrimental to broodmares. Underweight mares, in particular, have longer gestations. As Lawrence puts it: “If you turn down the oven, it takes longer to bake the cake.”
Veterinarians and nutritionists do not recommend a “fat,” or high, BC score, but mares do need a buffer for the beginning of lactation. During pregnancy most mares should consume 2% of their body weight per day (for example, a 1,200 pound horse requires 24 pounds of grain and hay/pasture). After foaling, total feed needs will increase (that same mare would now require 30 to 35 pounds of total feed) because of the increased demands of lactation. (Plan for variation if feeding moderate- or low-quality hay.)
Lawrence reminds owners to transition the mare’s feed intake gradually as she approaches her foaling date. “Don’t increase her feed by dramatic amounts. Do it slowly, over seven to 14 days. Ideally, you’ll stay with the same hay, but if you have to change, start seven to 10 days before she foals. She will voluntarily eat more food, but you have to be careful not to upset her GI tract in the days before or after foaling,” Lawrence cautioned.
Karin Pekarchik is an editorial officer in UK’s Agricultural Communications Services.
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A fetlock with both sesamoid bones shattered.
Photo: Courtesy Dr. Dean Richardson
“We’re always going to have broken horses,” said Dean Richardson, DVM, Dipl. ACVS, at the start of his presentation about orthopedic first aid during the 2016 American Association of Equine Practitioners Convention, held Dec. 3-7 in Orlando, Florida. Fortunately, not all broken horses are also hopeless.
Richardson is the chief of large animal surgery at the University of Pennsylvania School of Veterinary Medicine’s New Bolton Center, in Kennett Square. He described for veterinarians how to best handle orthopedic emergencies such as extremely unstable limb fractures.
“With proper sedation and simple emergency bandaging, a large proportion of catastrophes can be humanely managed until a thoughtful decision can be made,” as to whether the injury can be repaired surgically or the horse requires euthanasia, he said.
“Knowledge is the most important thing the veterinarian brings to the scene,” said Richardson. “Many people are under the impression that you can’t do anything about injuries involving bones. The reality is that many severe lacerations and orthopedic injuries seem to be far worse than they are.”
While extremely catastrophic injuries do require euthanasia, you don’t want to find out after you’ve put a horse down that other horses with the same injury have been treated successfully. “Euthanasia is exceptionally difficult to reverse,” Richardson said.
So, what orthopedic injuries are typically treatable and which are hopeless?
Skin wound over a fracture These are not death sentences, said Richardson. Prognosis does, however, depend on the degree of contamination of the fracture. Superficial lacerations are much less likely to result in unmanageable infection, especially in locations with a healthy muscle covering and blood supply.
Nondisplaced fractures Any of these injuries, whether weight-bearing or not, have a chance to heal, said Richardson. And contrary to some owners’ beliefs, not every horse with a non-weight-bearing lameness will develop support-limb laminitis.
Simple vs. comminuted fractures “Simple fractures are nearly always more manageable than comminuted fractures (those broken into more than two fragments), but location is everything,” he said. The higher up the limb, the less probable that it can heal on its own, with the exception of the humerus (the bone located between the shoulder and the elbow).
“Comminuted humeral fractures have been successfully managed with nothing more than stall rest,” said Richardson.
Today’s sling technology also allows for more horses to survive serious fractures, but long-term management of horses in slings is still expensive and very time- and labor-intensive, he said.
Articular fractures Any displaced fracture involving a joint is best managed with surgery, and many will return to full function if they can be reconstructed properly. Veterinarians can sometimes salvage severe injuries that cannot be reconstructed surgically by fusing the affected joint, said Richardson. Fractures with vascular compromise Any major injury with a loss of blood supply is likely to be fatal.
When faced with any orthopedic injury, said Richardson, your goals are to keep your options open, keep the skin intact, prevent further trauma, and allay both horse and human anxiety. For the horse, this means administering the proper amount (e.g., not so much that the horse loses all coordination) of sedative as well as analgesics for pain control. If there’s an open wound, also administer antibiotics.
Before hauling the horse to the clinic, some important transportation decisions can help save his life. The smoothest-riding trailer, if you have access to one, is a gooseneck with a ramp. Also, don’t make the mistake of giving the horse “as much room as possible,” said Richardson. Rather, ship him in a space or stall that’s as confined and tight as possible to give him something to lean on to protect his injured limb.
Load the horse so that his injured limb (whether hind or fore) is closest to the rear/exit of the trailer. “So if you brake suddenly, his weight is on the uninjured area,” said Richardson.
If dealing with a foal, “take the time to get the foal in recumbent position (lying down) on the trailer and, if at all possible, keep an attendant with the foal to maintain it in recumbency during shipping,” he advised, since stressed foals fatigue quickly.
Many of these horses (particularly those with unstable fractures) should be placed in a splinted bandage for transportation. Richardson warned, however, that an ill-applied splint can do more harm than good. Make sure it’s very tight, but not too heavy with bandage material.
“Make the bandage light enough to get the splints closer to the skin, but thick enough to prevent trauma from the splint to the skin or soft tissues,” he said.
Also make sure the splint is neither too short nor too long to be of use. “A good principle is to stabilize the joint above and the joint below the injury whenever possible,” said Richardson.
In conclusion, he said, most mistakes concerning orthopedic emergencies occur because decisions are made too quickly. These are typically high-stress scenarios, and owners are often in a state of panic.
“It is absolutely true that some injuries are so painful and debilitating that our current techniques cannot manage them successfully, but we need to have decision-making evolve alongside improving techniques,” he said. “Many injuries that would have been considered hopeless years ago can now be treated with consistent success.”
About the Author
Alexandra Beckstett, Managing Editor of The Horse and a native of Houston, Texas, is a lifelong horse owner who has shown successfully on the national hunter/jumper circuit and dabbled in hunter breeding. After graduating from Duke University, she joined Blood-Horse Publications as Assistant Editor of its book division, Eclipse Press, before joining The Hors