HAROLD BARROBY INDUCTED INTO THE CANADIAN RACING HALL OF FAME – CONGRATULATIONS HAROLD WELL DESERVED

Barroby - CHRHF File Photo

Harold Barroby a native of Ravenscrag, Saskatchewan followed his older brother Frank to Alberta, to become leading trainer in 1969 and 1970 before moving further west to British Columbia in 1974 where  the great Love Your Host won 13 stakes under his tutelage and horses Pampas Host and Delta Colleen were both multiple stakes winners. B.C’s leading trainer a record 10 times and previously inducted into the B.C. Hall Thoroughbred Hall of Fame.  Harold remains the all-time leader in terms of wins and stakes wins, inlcuding graded stake wins with Fortinbras in the 1986 British Columbia Derby (G3) and 1986 B.C. Premier’s Championship Handicap (G3).  While he remains an active trainer, he’s operating with fewer horses these days.  Harold now joins Frank as a member of the Canadian Horse Racing Hall of Fame.

 

The Canadian Horse Racing Hall of Fame 2017 Induction Ceremony will be hosted at the Mississauga Convention Centre on Wednesday, August 9, 2017.

VERSATILE BATTLE OF MIDWAY SET FOR SANTA ANITA DERBY

battle of midway stall

VERSATILE BATTLE OF MIDWAY SET FOR SANTA ANITA DERBY

Battle of Midway, winner of two of his three races including his first at a route March 9 when the bay son of Smart Strike scored by a neck at 1 1/16 miles, looms a major player in the $1 million, Grade I Santa Anita Derby at a mile and an eighth this Saturday, April 8.

“It’s a wide open race with Mastery out and Battalion Runner entered in Saturday’s Florida Derby,” said Dan Ward, assistant to Jerry Hollendorfer, who trains Battle of Midway, owned by Rick Porter’s Fox Hill Farms, which also campaigns two-time champion filly Songbird.

“Battle of Midway could stalk or he could be on the pace,” Ward said, “and he is a horse that still has room for improvement.”

Battle of Midway and It Tiz Well, a contender for the Grade I, $400,000 Santa Anita Oaks on April 8, are scheduled to work Saturday.

Hollendorfer, meanwhile, is closing in on Peter Miller for the training lead, trailing by only two, 31-29, with seven racing days until the Winter Meet ends April 9. Flavien Prat, who missed time while in Dubai to ride Hoppertunity in the World Cup, is so far holding off a surging Tyler Baze in the jockeys’ race, 52-46.

 

FOUR O’NEILL SOPHS DRILL FOR SANTA ANITA DERBY

Team O’Neill had a busy morning Friday as four of its Santa Anita Derby candidates including possible favorite Iliad worked for the West Coast’s major steppingstone to the Kentucky Derby on May 6.

San Vicente Stakes winner Iliad, runner-up to Mastery in the San Felipe Stakes, worked six furlongs in company, getting a time of 1:13.80 under Flavien Prat. Workmate Hoffenheim was clocked in 1:14.

Cal Cup Derby winner So Conflated, working with Dog Gone Lenny, went six furlongs in 1:15.20 with Saul Arias in the saddle. Dog Gone Lenny was given 1:15.40. Milton Freewater also went six furlongs in 1:15.40 under Tiago Pereira, while Cecil B. DeMille winner Term of Art breezed five furlongs in 1:03.40 under Tyler Baze.

In all, O’Neill had 38 of the 150 recorded breezes on Santa Anita’s main track Friday.

Probable for the Santa Anita Derby: American Anthem, no rider; Battle of Midway, Corey Nakatani; Gormley, Victor Espinoza; Iliad, Flavien Prat; Kimbear, Joe Talamo; Midnight Pleasure, no rider; Milton Freewater, Tiago Pereira; Reach the World, no rider; So Conflated, Mario Gutierrez; Term of Art, Tyler Baze; and West Coast, no rider. Kimbear works at 6:30 Saturday morning with Talamo up for trainer Eric Kruljac.

Kentucky Derby Futures Pool 4

Racing fans can dream that the finish in the 143rd running of the Kentucky Derby Presented by Yum! Brands (Grade I) will have a finish as tight as the fourth and final pool of Churchill Downs Racetrack’s (“CDRT”) Kentucky Derby Future Wager (“KDFW”) as a pair of unbeaten Derby hopes – Whitham Thoroughbreds LLC’s McCraken (#15) and St. Elias, Teresa Viola Racing Stables, Brooklyn Boyz Stables, West Point Thoroughbreds and Siena Farm’s rising star Always Dreaming (#1) – were separated by a relative handful of dollars when wagering concluded Sunday.

McCraken, trainer Ian Wilkes’ winner of CDRT’s Kentucky Jockey Club (GII) and Tampa Bay  Downs’ Sam F. Davis (GIII), closed as the narrow 5-1 favorite over Always Dreaming, an emphatic winner of Saturday’s Florida Derby (GI) at Gulfstream Park for 2010 Kentucky Derby winner Todd Pletcher. One of five KDFW Pool 4 individual betting interests trained by Pletcher, Always Dreaming opened at odds of 50-1 in Churchill Downs odds-maker Mike Battaglia’s Pool 4 morning line. But Always Dreaming attracted strong support after his Florida Derby triumph and the odds on the son of 2011 Kentucky Derby runner-up Bodemeister had dropped to 6-1 at Sunday’s conclusion of betting.

Final odds were tight behind the top pair as Gunnevera (#10), who finished third as the favorite in the Florida Derby, stood as the 9-1 third choice among Kentucky Derby Futures bettors. The Fountain of Youth (GII) winner was followed closely by reigning 2-year-old champion and Breeders’ Cup Juvenile (GI) winner Classic Empire (#4, 10-1) and the Pletcher-trained Tapwrit (#21, 10-1), winner of the Tampa Bay Derby (GII). The Mutuel Field (#24), the favorite in the first three KDFW pools, included all 3-year-old Thoroughbreds other than the 22 individual wagering interests in Pool 4 and closed as the 11-1 fifth choice.

The pool’s betting roster was reduced to 23 when wagering on El Areeb (#6) was suspended prior to Friday’s opening KDFW session. El Areeb was removed from consideration for the May 6 Kentucky Derby at Churchill Downs because of injury.

KDFW provides racing fans with the opportunity to wager on contenders for the Kentucky Derby at odds that could be more attractive than those available on the day of America’s greatest race. Payouts in Pool 4’s win and exacta wagering in Pool 4 were determined by the odds in place at its conclusion of wagering.

Wagering in the three-day pool stood at $440,511 when betting closed at 6 p.m. (EDT) on Sunday. The wagering total reflected an increase of 1.2 percent from 2016’s Pool 4 betting of $435,358. This year’s total included $294,665 in $2 win wagering and $145,845 in exacta betting.

Kentucky Derby Future Wager pools offered $2 minimum win wagering on 24 betting interests that include 23 individual horses and the Mutuel Field, which included all 3-year-old Thoroughbreds other than the individual wagering interests in a respective pool. Each pool also offered $2 exacta wagering on the 24 wagering interests, with the latter also available in $1 minimum increments in boxes and other multiple number configurations.

The official rules of the KDFW prohibit scratches or refunds. As in the case of El Areeb in Pool 4, when Churchill Downs determines that a wagering interest has encountered an injury, illness or other circumstance that would prohibit that horse from competing in the Kentucky Derby, wagering on the individual in that pool is immediately suspended.

Along with Always Dreaming and Tapwrit, Pletcher trainees in KDFW Pool 4 included Battalion Runner (#2, 26-1), Rebel (GII) winner Malagacy (#14, 16-1) and Southwest (GIII) winner One Liner (#17, 18-1).

Others that attracted betting interest in the year’s final Kentucky Derby Futures pool included Girvin (#7, 17-1), the winner of Saturday’s Louisiana Derby (GII) at Fair Grounds for trainer Joe Sharp; Irish War Cry (#12, 21-1), winner of the Holy Bull (GII) for Kentucky Derby-winning trainer Graham Motion; J Boys Echo (#12, 21-1), the Dale Romans-trained winner of the Gotham (GIII) at Aqueduct; and Godolphin’s Thunder Snow (IRE) (#22, 23-1), winner of the $2 million UAE Derby (Group 2) for trainer Saeed bin Suroor at Dubai’s Meydan Racecourse.

HASTINGS WORKOUTS FOR MONDAY

HASTINGS WORKERS PHOTO BY LISA THOMPSON
HASTINGS RACECOURSE — (Dirt) Track Fast
3 Furlongs
Horse Time Rank

Okanagan Rainstorm :37.60 H 1
HASTINGS RACECOURSE — (Dirt) Track Fast
4 Furlongs
Horse Time Rank

Act Up :49.60 H 15
Barely a B Laura :50.00 H 18
Belli Girl :50.20 H 24
Biscuit :48.80 H 10
Bornatthetrack :50.00 H 18
Cool Candy :50.20 H 24
Dancin’ All Day :51.00 H 27
Dare Ren Gottwenty :49.60 H 15
El Cid :50.00 H 18
Fire Beauty :48.00 H 2
Flaming Youth :48.80 H 10
Fourth in Command :49.20 H 13
Good as They Get :48.20 H 4
Holy Force :49.20 H 13
I Dig That :48.20 H 4
If You Can :48.60 H 7
Kataliah :48.20 H 4
Kodiak Rose :50.00 H 18
Last Bloom :51.00 H 27
Miss Mariah :48.60 H 7
Miss Napoli :49.00 H 12
Neverabettercause :47.80 H 1
Oh So Quick :48.60 H 7
Rachael Run :50.20 H 24
Santa Fe Trail :50.00 H 18
Second Time Around :49.60 H 15
Sunset Drive :50.00 H 18
Susan’s Day :48.00 H 2
HASTINGS RACECOURSE — (Dirt) Track Fast
5 Furlongs
Horse Time Rank

Aditya 1:01.00 H 7
B C Charlie 1:03.00 H 16
Bluegrass Angus 1:02.40 H 12
Chianti 1:00.60 H 3
Classic Victory 1:02.40 H 12
Crius 1:01.00 H 7
Fetisov 1:03.80 H 19
Fifer 1:00.80 H 5
Gold Girl 1:02.80 H 15
Humphrey Lad 1:02.40 H 12
Majestic Mark 1:02.20 H 11
Morning Coffee 1:01.40 H 9
Oma 1:04.60 H 20
Panning for Gold 1:03.60 H 17
Rebus 1:00.80 H 5
Sanawar 1:02.00 H 10
Snuggles 1:00.60 H 3
Venetian Mask 1:00.20 H 1
Whippoorwill Song 1:03.60 H 17
Yukon Belle 1:00.20 H 1

How Do I Transition My Horse to Pasture?

Q. I’ve been feeding my horse hay all winter. What advice do you have for safely transitioning from hay to spring pasture?


A. If spring hasn’t arrived yet where you live, it’s likely right around the corner. And with the new season comes spring grass. Most of us love the idea of our horse grazing green pastures. But before you take advantage of this wonderful resource there are things you should do to ensure your horse remains healthy and your pastures stay in good shape.

Consider the Horse’s Digestive Tract

Your horse’s digestive tract has become adapted to the diet that you have been feeding all winter. This means that hindgut bacteria are honed on utilizing whatever type of hay you’ve been feeding, and enzymes in the small intestine are prepared for certain types and levels of carbohydrates, fats, and proteins. These adaptations take time to change, so you need to slowly transition your horse to pasture grazing to safeguard his digestive health.

Sudden changes in forage sources, especially to pasture (which has a higher water content and potentially a very different carbohydrate profile than hay) can lead to hindgut disruption. If consumed in too great a quantity, starch and sugar that should be digested and absorbed in the small intestine might reach the cecum and colon, where they can cause rapid fermentation and gas production. Fructan sugars that exist in cold season grasses can have the same effect. This shift to readily fermentable carbohydrate results in lactic acid forming in the hindgut.

Small amounts of lactate are “mopped-up” by lactate utilizing bacteria. But if these bacteria’s capacities are overwhelmed, lactic acid starts to build up resulting in a lowered hindgut pH. The result can be subacute lactic acidosis and a horse that shows colic symptoms, diarrhea, and gas. If the hindgut pH continues to drop, the situation can spiral out of control and cellulolytic bacteria that ferment complex carbohydrates might start to die off, releasing toxins that can pass in to the blood stream. Ultimately these toxins could lead to laminitis.

The shear amount of sugar in some grass or the quantity of grass consumed by eager individuals might result in high-circulating glucose and insulin. For horses that are insulin resistant, this poses a major risk factor and increases the likelihood of a laminitic event. If you have a horse that has a history of laminitis, is overweight, or is insulin resistant (IR), discuss with your veterinarian whether any amount of pasture grass is safe for your horse.

Certain equine breeds appear to be more IR-prone, and it’s wise to ask your veterinarian whether your horse is one of these breeds and discuss what measures you might need to consider to keep your horse safe.

Take Time to Transition

Transitioning your horse to pasture safely takes time. Start by grazing your horse about 15 minutes and each day increase the time on pasture by 15 minutes until your horse is on grass for about four to five hours per day. From here it should be safe to allow your horse continuous access.

Avoid Overgrazing and Pasture Stress

Beyond your horse’s health, you want to keep your pasture healthy, as well, so it remains a viable resource all year long. This means not overgrazing.

Overgrazing is a function of time, most notably the time that a pasture is given to recover from being grazed. Grazing pastures that haven’t reached about 6 to 8 inches in sward height can result in damage that’s impedes pasture recovery.

Ideally, wait until grasses are 6 to 8 inches high to initiate grazing and stop grazing when horses have reduced grass height by 3 to 4 inches. This leaves enough grass leaf for photosynthesis, which and generates nutrients that are delivered to the roots. Grazing lower than this limits the plant’s ability to generate the energy it needs to regrow. When this cycle occurs repeatedly grasses can die and bare patches might result.

The relative amount of nonstructural (NSC) carbohydrate is greater in younger grasses. As a grass matures it becomes “stemmier” and the proportion of NSC goes down while the less digestible carbohydrate goes up. Pastures that incur more stress from overgrazing might also have higher sugar contents. Therefore, waiting until plants are a little taller before grazing benefits not only the pasture, but also your horse.

Other management protocols such as correct irrigation practices and fertilizer applications can also help reduce pasture stress.

Seek Expert Advice

If you are unsure how to manage your pasture in a way that protects it and your horses, reach out to your local university extension agent. He or she should be able to help you determine correct management practices for your pasture based on your geographic location, pasture acreage, and stocking density (number of horses in a given pasture).

Take-Home Message

By taking the time to introduce your horse to pasture slowly combined with the implementation of a well-thought-out management program, you can maintain the value of your pasture as a resource while safeguarding your horses well-being.

About the Author

Clair Thunes, PhD

Clair Thunes, PhD, is an independent equine nutrition consultant who owns Summit Equine Nutrition, based in Sacramento, California. She works with owners/trainers and veterinarians across the United States and globally to take the guesswork out of feeding horses. Born in England, she earned her undergraduate degree at Edinburgh University, in Scotland, and her master’s and doctorate in nutrition at the University of California, Davis. Growing up, she competed in a wide array of disciplines and was an active member of the United Kingdom Pony Club. Today, she serves as the regional supervisor for the Sierra Pacific region of the United States Pony Clubs. As a nutritionist she works with all horses, from WEG competitors to Miniature Donkeys and everything in between.

How to Manage Four Equine Respiratory Emergencies

How to Manage Four Equine Respiratory Emergencies 

Many rib fractures have little impact on the respiratory system. However, depending on their location and degree and manner of displacement, they could inflict severe damage to organs within the thoracic cavity with sometimes fatal consequences.

Photo: Courtesy Dr. Rodney Belgrave

Sometimes, a subtle sign can be an indication of a potentially serious problem. A cough here, nasal discharge and flared nostrils there. A rapid heart rate. These manifestations of respiratory distress can be the early indicators of respiratory disease, a major cause of morbidity (illness) and mortality in horses.

At the 2016 American Association of Equine Practitioners Convention, held Dec. 3-7 in Orlando, Florida, Rodney Belgrave, DVM, MS, Dipl. ACVIM, of Mid-Atlantic Equine Medical Center, in Ringoes, New Jersey, described how to diagnose and treat respiratory emergencies in horses.

First, he listed signs of respiratory distress, which “may or may not be obvious depending on the rate of onset of the condition and its severity.” These include nostril flare, tachypnea (increased respiratory rate), short shallow breaths, cough, nasal discharge, varying degrees of exercise intolerance, and reluctance to walk due to pleural (lung) pain.

Then Belgrave described four respiratory emergencies a veterinarian might encounter and how to manage each.

Bacterial Pleuropneumonia

This severe form of pneumonia is characterized by inflammation of the pleural membranes that line the chest cavity and cover the surface of the lungs, with subsequent fluid accumulation in the chest cavity. Other causes of fluid accumulation include fungal pneumonia, upper respiratory viral infections such as equine herpesvirus-5, hemothorax (blood pooling in the chest cavity), and neoplasia (tumors)

Racehorses seem to be most at risk, said Belgrave, due to their communal lifestyles, long-distance transportation to events, dirt/mud contamination of their lower respiratory tracts when racing, and incidence of exercise-induced pulmonary hemorrhage.

Clinical signs vary and include fever, anorexia, lethargy, coughing, increased expiratory effort, exercise intolerance, and pleural pain leading to a reluctance to move.

Belgrave said he diagnoses bacterial pleuropneumonia by looking at the horse’s history, listening to his lungs during a rebreathing exam, taking bloodwork to look for elevated serum amyloid A (SAA) and/or low white blood cell counts, performing an endoscopic exam looking for upper airway tract abnormalities, taking thoracic radiographs and ultrasound, and collecting transtracheal wash samples (material flushed from the trachea and bronchi). With the exception of thoracic radiographs, the veterinarian can perform these procedures in the field.

“Thoracic ultrasound is the most valuable diagnostic procedure in the diagnosis and management of this condition,” said Belgrave, as it allows the veterinarian to closely assess the pleural space and lung tissues.

“Trigger points for a more in-depth workup while in the field are a fever after 72 to 96 hours of antibiotic therapy, an SAA spike, a sharp drop in white blood cells, or a progressively more compromised respiratory effort,” he said.

Once a diagnosis has been made, Belgrave says he treats the horse with antibiotics in conjunction with nebulized antibiotic therapy, assessing the horse’s response via serial ultrasounds. If enough fluid has accumulated in the lungs, he will drain it to allow the lungs to re-expand.

He said he might also perform bronchial lavage to remove exudate (pus) from the lower respiratory tract and small airways.

Chronically affected horses might require a thoracotomy (an incision into the pleural space to remove fluid) and rib resection, which Belgrave says has an 88% survival rate and 45% return to activity.

“Depending on early, aggressive intervention, many of these horses go on to their previous level of activity,” he said.

Pneumothorax and Hemothorax

These two respiratory conditions are characterized by air and blood, respectively, in the pleural space. Clinical signs for both include tachypnea, dyspnea (labored breathing), coughing, and tachycardia (rapid heart rate). Tachycardia and pale mucous membranes are particularly indicative of hemothorax.

“Either condition should be strongly suspected with a history of thoracic trauma,” said Belgrave.

Thoracic ultrasound is very important for diagnosing both conditions, while radiographs are warranted for pneumothorax.

Once a diagnosis is made, however, Belgrave suggests referring the horse to an equine hospital right away, as these conditions are difficult to manage in the field. Treatment of both conditions involves closing any wounds involved and performing a thoracocentesis to drain the fluid or air from the lungs.

Rib Fractures in Foals

Rib fractures are relatively common in newborn foals, Belgrave said, occurring with a frequency rate of 20-65%, based on previous studies. Fillies are more frequently affected than males, and left ribs seem more susceptible than the right.

“In most instances, the rib fractures are of little clinical significance,” said Belgrave. “However, depending upon their location and degree and manner of displacement, they have the ability to inflict severe damage to organs within the thoracic cavity with sometimes fatal consequences.”

Clinical signs of fractures include tachypnea, nostril flare, thoracic wall swelling, ventral edema (fluid swelling), and an unwillingness to move or lie down. Belgrave said he palpates the ribcage with the foal standing as well as recumbent and listens to the foal’s breathing. If he suspects a rib fracture, he then takes ultrasound images, which are four times more sensitive than radiographs at identifying these injuries.

Most rib fractures heal normally on their own. If a foal has a displaced fracture of left ribs three through six, he might require surgery due to the insult’s proximity to the heart. Complete fracture of two or more ribs also warrants surgical correction.

Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) in Foals

Foals can develop this life-threatening condition due to widespread inflammation of the lungs, which can occur secondary to pneumonia, aspiration, or sepsis, said Belgrave. Common clinical signs include fever, tachypnea, and tachycardia.

Belgrave said he makes a diagnosis based on a history of respiratory distress, elevated SAA levels, radiographic and ultrasound imaging, and transtracheal wash results. He treats these cases using oxygen therapy, antibiotics, and corticosteroids, the latter of which he said is a critical component, particularly in the early stages of treatment.

“Prognosis for survival in foal afflicted with ARDS is considered poor,” said Belgrave. “However, treatment with a combination of systemic corticosteroids, broad-spectrum antimicrobials, and inhalational oxygen may positively affect the outcome of these cases.”

Take-Home Message

If your horse’s breathing is labored or you suspect one of these respiratory emergencies, contact your veterinarian right away. Early therapeutic intervention is key to a successful outcome. Some conditions practitioners can treat on the farm, while more serious ones required referral to a clinic.

About the Author

Alexandra Beckstett, The Horse Managing Editor

Alexandra Beckstett, Managing Editor of The Horse and a native of Houston, Texas, is a lifelong horse owner who has shown successfully on the national hunter/jumper circuit and dabbled in hunter breeding. After graduating from Duke University, she joined Blood-Horse Publications as Assistant Editor of its book division, Eclipse Press, before joining The Horse.